The other is the sense of His infinite majesty, greatness. It is this that Isaiah saw so well by means of this anthropomorphic vision.
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The Saints and Fathers of the Church have understood this aspect especially well. Thus Dionysius the Areopagite, writing around the year Gregory of Nyssa in his said: "The true vision of the One we seek. For the one sought is beyond all knowledge. Augustine 1. There is just a trifle of exaggeration in such sayings as that of Augustine. Yet there is far more truth in them.
Similarly the philosopher Plotinus said 6. The explanation of such sayings it this: If we compare any word, e. Hence God is inexpressible, as Augustine said. Isaiah had a deep sense of this reality. To lack it means that one's devotion will be sick, mired in the slush of a distortion of love.
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As part of this vision Isaiah sees some seraphim, which he describes a bright creatures with six wings each. That word seraph, plural seraphim, is indeed rare, being found only in this passage. Basically the same Hebrew word appears in Numbers where God sends burning serpents - such seems to be the meaning of , to punish the faithless Jews.
Moses prayed, and God directed Moses to make a bronze serpent, and put it upon a pole. Anyone bitten would recover if he looked at the bronze serpent. This was very obviously a forecast in action, a prefiguration, of Christ on the cross. Sometimes people speak of nine choirs of angels, and seem to have found them in St. Paul's Colossians and Ephesians. But that is a mistake, for St. Paul especially in Colossians, is using such terms, which he took from his opponents, in countering their errors. The opponents were most likely either Gnostics or Jewish apocalyptic speculators.
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Paul's context, they are evil spirits, not angels. The seraphim were calling out Holy, holy, holy. The holiness of God is a most prominent theme in Isaiah.
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Basically holiness means God's concern for what is morally right - cf. Most, Commentary on St. We can see the thought well in Isaiah "Man is bowed down, and men are brought low. But the Lord of hosts will be exalted in right judgment , and God, the Holy One, will show Himself holy [ from the root of , holy] by moral rightness [i. Isaiah thought he was doomed, because he knew no man could see God and live.
We think of Moses who wanted to see God, but was refused, as we saw in the introduction. He aid his lips were impure from sin.
But one of the seraphim, in a symbolic action, took a coal from the altar and touched his lips to purify them. In John we read, remarkably, that it was Jesus Isaiah had seen. Those next lines are indeed mysterious. God asks for someone to volunteer to be sent, and Isaiah volunteers. Then God gives him a strange commission, which seems to mean he is to blind the people so they could not be forgiven. To understand, we must know that the Hebrews commonly spoke of God as positively doing things He only permits.
Thus in 1 Samuel - if we read the Hebrew, and not the slanted translations - the Jews said after a defeat by the Philistines: "Why did God strike us today before the face of the Philistines? Similarly, in the account of the plagues in Exodus, several times God says He will harden Pharaoh, and again the text says God did harden the heart of Pharaoh. Again, God merely permitted it. Is , where God says: "I bring well-being and create woe. If we follow the chronology of Mark's Gospel-- for the Gospels are not intent on chronology - Mark indicates Jesus at first spoke clearly, but then, after His enemies charged He was casting out devils by the devil, He turned to parables.
Jesus told His disciples that to them was given to know the mysteries of the kingdom, but to others, all was in parables, "so that seeing they might look and not see, and hearing they might hear and not understand. They have been much discussed of course.
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Mark quotes them in the form found in the Targum. Matthew quotes Isaiah in softer form 15 : "Therefore do I speak to them in parables, seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear.
First, as we said, it is well known that the Hebrews often attributed to positive direct action of God what He only permits, He did not really want to blind people. For in Mt 23;37 He wept over Jerusalem because they would not listen. So we need a different way to understand the purpose of parables. It is this:We might think of two spirals in the reactions of people to parables - and other things too.
Let us imagine a man who has never been drunk before, but tonight he gets very drunk. The next day there will be guilt feelings - we specified it was the first time. Over time, something must give:either he will align his actions with his beliefs, or his beliefs will be pulled to match his actions. In other words, if he continues to get drunk, he will lose the ability to see there is anything wrong with getting drunk. But other beliefs are interconnected, and so his ability to see spiritual things becomes more and more dull.
In the other direction, if one lives vigorously in accord with faith, which tells us the things of this world are hardly worth a mention compared to the things of eternity cf. Phil 8 , such a one grows gradually more and more in understanding of spiritual things; he is on the good spiral. So the parables are a magnificent device of our Father, showing both mercy and justice simultaneously.
To one who goes on the bad spiral, the blindness is due in justice, yet it is also mercy, for the more one realizes, the greater his responsibility. On the good spiral, the growing light is in a sense justice for good living; yet more basically it is mercy, for no creature by its own power can establish a claim on God. So in both directions, mercy and justice are identified, even as they are in the divine essence, where all attributes are identified with each other.
Rather similarly, Pius XII said :EB that God deliberately sprinkled Scripture with difficulties to cause us to work harder and so get more out of them. But then God foretold the exile, yet said that a holy remnant, a holy seed, would be left, which would be a "stump in the land". We think of course of the great prophecy in Isaiah which says that there will be a shoot from the stump of David, that is, after David's line had been deprived of its power, and seemed dead, a great ruler, the Messiah, would come.
More on Isaiah 11 later, of course. The king of Judah was told of this alliance, and king and people were fearful, shaking like trees in the wind. Then God told Isaiah to take his son Shear-jasub and to go out to meet King Ahaz, to tell him to have faith. God promised the invasion would not succeed. He added that within 65 years Ephraim, the northern kingdom, Israel, would be shattered. But if Ahaz did not have faith, he would not stand. Isaiah then offered Ahaz a sign in the sky or in the depths.
Ahaz refused to ask, as if it would be tempting God. Isaiah then said: "Is it not enough for you to weary men? Must you also weary God?
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The Lord Himself is going to give you a sign:A virgin will be with child and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. The son will eat curds and honey when he comes to know right from wrong. But before this, the land of the two kings of the north will be devastated.
But because Ahaz did not have faith, God said he would bring a terrible time on Judah:The king of Assyria would come. Yet after the attack there would still be milk and honey. But where three were rich vines, there would be only grazing land for cattle and sheep. At the beginning of this chapter 7, we read of the time of the Syro-Ephraimite war. Near the end of the reign of Joatham, around , Rezin of Syria in alliance with Pekah of Ephraim that is, Israel had attacked Judah as we learn in 2 Kings and the threat was in earnest.